Musique Concréte is a term that is often used to describe the process of taking real world sounds and making them “musical”. Traditionally, music begins as an abstract thought either on paper of through another medium, which is later on turned into music. The aim of musique concrète is different, in that it strives to begin with the sounds, experiment with them, and turn them into musical compositions. So, the starting point for traditional music is seperate from the sound. Musique concréte is the oppostie.
When: late 1940s and 1950s
How: helped by developments in technology, particularly microphones and tape recorder.
Who: Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Edgard Varèse